Search for Better Identity and Dilemma’s of Ex-Untouchables – II

This blog post is a continuation post to one my previous post titled ‘Search for Better Identity and Dilemma’s of Ex-Untouchables’.

III

The sustained movement and activism of Madiga’s had a widespread impact on various caste organizations, especially upon the Mala’s. Due to the predominant projection and recognized assertion of the Madiga’s; a few Mala organizations and individuals have been in a dilemma on which name they should organize, project and conduct their activities. For long, various Mala organizations have been successful in the name of Ambedkar, SC/ST Employees, Dalit, etc. But, the continued successful activism of Madiga’s pushed a few sections of Mala’s into a dilemma. As a result, a few organizations have started to emerge, organize, assert and project on the name of Mala, in-addition to existing Mala’s predominance in the shade of Ambedkar, SC/ST, Dalit, etc. One of the dilemma’s of Mala’s on which name to continue resulted in the inauguration of All Mala Students’ Association (AMSA) on April 10, 2013 at Hyderabad. Mala students at various educational institutions were grouped under organizations titled on ‘Ambedkar/SC/Dalit’, etc. But, Madiga students were grouped under Madgia Students’ Front (MSF). The successful continuation of Madiga’s under MSF made a few Mala groups to get united under direct caste name Mala; as a result organizations like AMSA emerged or emerging. As of now, AMSA is not widespread and popular on educational institutions. We have to wait and observe how AMSA discourse may get rooted.

On a personal front, I’ve come to know about a few Mala organizations and individuals difficulty to organize, project and conduct on a name other than ‘Mala’. At the University of Hyderabad, the Mala’s are well organized and well carried out under Ambedkar Students’ Association (ASA), since 1993. The birth of AMSA made a few Mala students’ at the University of Hyderabad to ponder over the option of abandoning ASA and get united under AMSA. But, as of now, the ASA leadership rejected such a thought, taking into consideration various parameters peculiar to the University of Hyderabad and their required role at this institution, particularly as part of the annual University Students’ Union elections, etc.

Though the Madiga’s were well organized on the name of ‘Madiga’ in various walks of life like employees, students, etc., at times, as per my personal observation, a few Madiga’s too faced and faces a dilemma on which name to organize, conduct and project? A person is known to me, whom I shall pseudo as ‘X’. This ‘X’ had the wish to organize Madiga’s under one platform. But, after prudent self-deliberation he avoided to name his organization after ‘Madiga’, instead chose the word ‘Dalit…’, while naming. In his view, at a certain point, the name ‘Madiga’ will diminish the prospects and limits one’s conduct in various spheres of activity. Thus, in his view, even Madiga’s, like Mala’s should organize, conduct and be successful under the name of ‘Dalit’, instead of Madiga!!

In another case, this too, as per my silent personal observation of a person whom I shall pseudo as ‘Y’, had done considerable academic research on Madiga’s and his name became popular. This ‘Y’ was jubilant for his acquired fame due to his academic inclination towards Madiga literature and its production. But then, on a few occasions, ‘Y’ too wished to be diplomatic in avoiding his well identified public reference towards creation of literature for Madiga’s!!

IV

While these kind of diplomatic dilemmas are taking place among various sections of Ex-Untouchables, like the Madiga’s and Mala’s; there were also a few success stories of these castes and individuals, which they achieved due to their assertion on caste name. One such instance was shared with me by a person at Guntur, whom I shall pseudo as ‘Z’. This ‘Z’ was well educated and was in the service sector for livelihood. In due course of his life, ‘Z’ got an opportunity, due to reservation policy, to get associated with a major political party, through an established popular leader of the region. This opportunity knocked him through his wife. He fielded his wife to contest in the elections and was successful in getting his wife elected. After his wife got elected, ‘Z’ became a pseudo to his wife’s political power in certain sense and occasions, albeit in both recognizable and unrecognizable forms and events. Due to association with politics and political power ‘Z’ started to change his way of livelihood. Based on political power contacts and influence he emerged as a contractor.

At a village, when ‘Z’ was undertaking contract works, a Kamma youth approached ‘Z’ energetically and in an assertive arrogant manner and questioned to which caste does ‘Z’ belong? The reply of ‘Z’ as ‘Madiga caste’ brought jitters in Kamma guy, who left the spot immediately in a quick way.

The predominant behavior of Kamma youth in a few villages, town, and cities of Coastal Andhra Pradesh is a well-recognized subject. For that matter, Coastal Andhra Pradesh is well known for the assertion of a few dominant castes like Kamma, Kapu, etc.

In the present case, spreading of jitters in Kamma youth instead of continuing to discriminate the Madiga ‘Z’ is a success of the Madiga movement since 1990’s. The Kamma youth, in this case, realized how he can’t discriminate Madiga ‘Z’ anymore!! Madiga’s lacked this kind of assertive dignity when they were silently grouped under SC category. The assertion of Madiga’s under various forms and for various causes made castes like Kamma’s to reconsider and reorient their modes of behavior and discriminative grounds.

Thus, all this indicates that the levels of stigma and approaches to discriminative grounds are undergoing drastic changes due to varying forms of caste assertion of Ex-Untouchables.

Perhaps, this kind of case studies could establish in relation to other communities, like the Mala’s, how they are also facing reduced forms of discrimination, due to assertion on caste lines.

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Guntur YSRCP Agitation over Delhi Physiotherapy Student Gang Rape

YSR Congress Party Unit of the Guntur City/District held a symbolic protest over the Delhi Physiotherapy Student’s gang rape on December 23, 2012 afternoon at Hotel Shankar Vilas Center, by halting the traffic for some considerable duration. The day’s pictures are as follows;

YSRC Guntur Cadre and Leaders halting the traffic on the City's busiest route at Hotel Shankar Vilas and continuing agitation against UPA Government headed by Dr Manmohan Singh
YSRC Guntur Cadre and Leaders halting the traffic on the City’s busiest route at Hotel Shankar Vilas and continuing agitation against UPA Government headed by Dr Manmohan Singh
Even Minority Muslims too participated...
Even Minority Muslims too participated…

 

Few Women too...
Few Women too…
An Ayyapa too...
An Ayyapa too…
Burning Effigy and surrounded agitators, after lilting
Burning Effigy and surrounded agitators, after lilting
Burning Effigy and surrounded agitators, after lilting
Burning Effigy and surrounded agitators, after lilting

Acharya Nagarjuna Statue at Amaravathi

During the Kalachakra Celebration in January, 2006, Tibetan Buddhist Fourteenth Dalailama, inaugurated the Acharya Nagarjuna Statue at Amaravathi, where the Kalachakra Celebrations were held on a massive scale. During my very recent visit to Amaravathi, I’ve captured a picture of this statue. As per my memory, the other notable statue of Acharya Nagarjuna can be found at Acharya Nagarjuna University, on whose name this University is established. The image of Acharya Nagarjuna is a rare one, as he is an ancient historical person, whose image would be difficult to figure out. Perhaps, the other images of him could be found at some Museums or so…

Front Side View of the Nagarjuna Statue
Front Side View of the Nagarjuna Statue
Close view of the statue inauguration details
Close view of the statue inauguration details
Side view of the Statue
Side view of the Statue
More details about the Statue erection in Telugu
More details about the Statue erection in Telugu

And, the statue of Acharya Nagarjuna at Acharya Nagarjuna University is in the following way…

Acharya Nagarjuna Statue, on whose name the University is established
Acharya Nagarjuna Statue, on whose name the Acharya Nagarjuna University is established

Between these two Statues, the statue at Acharya Nagarjuna University is first established, as per my knowledge. So, there could be possibility of the sculpture of the Amaravathi Statue, having a view at statue at Acharya Nagarjuna University for replica.

Manda Krishna Madiga Voice for Old Age Pension in Andhra Pradesh

Mr Manda Krishna Madiga, Founder President of the Madiga Reservation Poratha Samith (MRPS), Andhra Pradesh, had been undertaking various issues apart from Scheduled Castes Reservation Categorization issue in Andhra Pradesh. In this process, he also undertook an agitation on ‘injustice to the old aged persons in the distribution of pensions by the Andhra Pradesh Congress Government’. His point was, that the Government of Andhra Pradesh, which is headed by the Congress Party was misguiding the old aged people, without properly distributing them their due old age pension. His strong pitch was for distribution of old age pension, which is also offered by the Indian Central Government, and enhance the offered the old age pension as per various guidelines. In other words, he made it clear that the Government of Andhra Pradesh is distributing only its due share of Old Age Pension, but not the same granted by the Indian Central Government!! In order to get Central Government’s offered pension also to the eligible persons, in addition to the already extended State Government’s Old Age pension, he undertook State wide tour to sensitive the old age people on this issue. In this process, he came to Guntur City in October, 2012 and held a meeting at the local Lodge Center, under the MRPS banner itself. MRPS people participated in good number, and other non-Madiga community persons seemed to be participated in good number. The following picture pertains to this meet;

Mr Manda Krishna Madiga addressing the gathering at Lodge Center, Guntur
Mr Manda Krishna Madiga addressing the gathering at Lodge Center, Guntur

Following his own style of oration; he made attempts to convince the gathering how the Andhra Pradesh Congress Government since 2004 had been misguiding the old age persons in this respect. In support of his argument, he put forwarded some documentary evidences.

He came to Guntur in a special vehicle (van), which is specially re-designed for his State wide trip on this issue. After this meeting, the next day, he announced there itself, that he would be participating in the similar kind of meetings at Tenali and Mangalagiri regions of the Gutnur District, the next day, and then head to the Krishna District.

He declared that he wished to organize a big meeting at Hyderabad in November, 2012 over this issue, and question the government over this injustice to the old age persons pension. So, he appealed to the gathering to come to Hyderabad in November, 2012 in good number, and get their right/s recognized by the Government of Andhra Pradesh under his leadership. He also critised the Opposition Party Telugu Desam for failing to under-take this genuine issue and get the justice done to the masses!!

Dalit Christians Political Power Meeting at Vinukonda, Guntur District

Kanshiram Foundation, Andhra Pradesh, organised a public meeting for the unification of Dalit Christians, for their political empowerment. Mr Raju, who proclaims to be one of the chief associates of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) from this area coordinated this meet. Mr Ravela Kishore Babu, IRTS and Chief of Kanshiram Foundation was the chief Guest and sole key person who addressed the gathering for prolonged duration. This event took place just opposite to Bus Station at Vinukonda, Guntur District, on October 28, 2012. Dr Kakani Sudhakar, Lecturer in Telugu, Government Degree College, Timmasamudram was the Chairperson of the Meeting. Dalit Christians were mobilized from villages in various modes of vehicles, just like political parties meeting. Good amounts of financial resources seemed to have been invested for the grand success of this event, apart from huge physical coordination.

The formal activities of Kanshiram Foundation can be observed at http://www.kanshiramfoundation.org

Different banners were erected at the venue, this is one among them...
Different banners were erected at the venue, this is one among them…
Every banner prominently mentioned Mr Ravela Kishore Babu and other local persons as organizers...
Every banner prominently mentioned Mr Ravela Kishore Babu and other local persons as organizers…
Artists performances with Dappu before starting of the programme
Artists performances with Dappu before starting of the programme
The Chief organizer Mr Raju and local youth...
The Chief Coordinator of this Meeting Mr Raju and local youth…
This is the Poster released for this occasion...
This is the Poster released for this occasion…
Bahujan Youth, Vinukonda...
Bahujan Youth, Vinukonda…
Singers, before starting of the formal programme on the dais...
Singers, before starting of the formal programme on the dais…
Mr Ravela Kishore Babu's address to the gathering...
Mr Ravela Kishore Babu’s address to the gathering…
Though too many persons were invited onto the dais, only Mr Ravela Kishore Babu was highlighted, and of the persons on the dais were not given chance to speak also!!
Though too many persons were invited onto the dais, only Mr Ravela Kishore Babu was highlighted, and most of the persons on the dais were not even given chance to speak also!!

Tollywood Film Actor Pavan Kalyan Fans Enthusiasm at Guntur

In October, 2012, when I was at Guntur Tollywood Film Star Pavan Kalyan’s Fans showed over-enthusiasm, when objections were voiced against the Film Star’s Movie ‘Cameraman Ganga Tho Rambabu’, by the Telengana protagonists. A mob pro-claimed to be the Fans of Pavan, and those, who seemed to be for United Andhra Pradesh, took-out a rally on bikes and burnt the effigy of Mr K Chandrashekara Rao, President, TRS, very close to Market Center, as a result traffic  got halted. This agitation seemed to be spontaneous, without permission of the concerned Police officials. Interestingly, I just watched this movie in a theater and going around the City and found this agitation!! The day’s pictures are as follows;

Mob surrounding the Circle for their agitation
Mob surrounding the Circle for their agitation
Increased Mob and traffic halt
Increased Mob and traffic halt
Burning effigy of Mr Chandrashekara Rao, President, TRS
Burning effigy of Mr Chandrashekara Rao, President, TRS